This is from a conversation yesterday –
But the LORD God warned him, “You may freely eat the fruit of every tree in the garden — except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. If you eat its fruit, you are sure to die.” (Gen 2:16-17 NLT)
My contention is that ‘everyday’ death was present in the Garden.
First, how would Adam and Even know to fear death if death in some form was not present?
Second, considering that they had to eat, and eat requires killing, and killing by necessity of the act, results in dying, then they knew of death. For example, eating fruit would kill that piece of fruit. Or, take the banana. Eat half the banana and the other portion begins to decay.
So, if you take the text as woodenly literal, you must read broadly into Scripture and create stories not supported by either Scripture or reality.
Further, in speaking about evolution and the compatibility with Scripture wherein death comes by Adam, and insisting on a literal understanding of that theology, then the idea that evolution contains death by necessity is mirrored in the fact that the Garden by necessity of feeding humanity contained death as well. Unless we understand human death in other terms. In speaking of the Resurrection, which is the power given over death and given as proof of death in the Garden, or rather the absence thereof, we must surely note that animals and other things which we consider to be alive and to have died will not be given the Resurrection.
So, if we take the Resurrection and the Fall as important, and believe that the former repairs the death brought about the latter, even then some sort of evolution doesn’t hinder the soundness of Scripture. Why? Because Scripture assigns Life to Adam in a radically different way than it does to other creatures. And it was that Life which death had not touched until the Fall; it is that Life which is repaired by the Resurrection.