René Girard, gone.

There will never be another one like Rene Girard, although many shall try to mirror him. His soul escaped this earthly realm this morning. May it find peace and comfort among the Saints.

Girard on the Mythical Mimetic Gospels

Peter spectacularly illustrates this mimetic contagion. When surrounded by people hostile to Jesus, he imitates their hostility. He obeys the same mimetic force, ultimately, as Pilate and Herod. Even the thieves crucified with Jesus obey that force and feel compelled to join the crowd. And yet, I think, the Gospels do not seek to stigmatize Peter, or the thieves, or the crowd as a whole, or the Jews as a people, but to reveal the enormous power of mimetic contagion—a revelation valid for the entire chain of murders stretching from the Passion back to “the foundation of the world.” The Gospels have an immensely powerful reason for their constant reference to these murders, and it concerns two essential and yet strangely neglected words, skandalon and Satan.

via Article | First Things.

The entire article is worth your time.

(Anthropological) Mimesis, Competition, #Newtown, and the Media

just a few thoughts. this is not an academic paper. just a series of thoughts that i may explore later. 

The ancient sages were correct to worry when they believe that poetry and the performance thereof could have dire consequences for society. I do not want to detract from the role mental illness played in this latest mass shooting, but I do want to note the role we as consumers are playing. Indeed, some of the most profitable movies and television shows are those that in some way take violence and turn it into something less than final or less than serious.

Let me first set some perimeters for this discussion. Mimesis is a multi-talented tool. We find it in science, art, and a mixture of the two, philosophy. Here, I want to focus more on the anthropological mimesis as modeled by René Girard, but with the idea of the meme theory and mirror neurons of Richard Dawkins’ fame. This is where competition comes in at. We are a species that seeks to compete both against ourselves, individually, and against others, especially those modeled before us. Competition is, as Girard has shown us, the very essence of our mimetic nature. Finally, I want to clarify what I mean by media. I do not mean the journalists who tirelessly work to bring us facts and write unbiased stories. What I mean is the media, as in the the way information is given to us, the medium of media.

The cable news fiasco on the first day of the shooting on body counts and the name(s) of the killer shows us just how easy bad information can be passed around. We see this as well in 2000 when the networks had declared George Bush the winner, sending thousands of voters home. The 24-hour news cycle has pushed us to releasing information early, too early, with retractions looking more like updated information than honest apologies. Further, it sensationalizes the news stories. value judgements are made about what the public wants to see rather than what they need to see. This is not necessarily glorification, but when you begin to talk about body counts as numbers and begin to rank the shootings from best to worst the media begins to build a social platform to compete. For a clear example of this, note how this shooter was dressed and how previous shooters have been dressed.

There is an impersonal message portrayed. We no longer talk about the names and ages of the children murdered, but we talk about how this ranks and just who this person was that could do such a horrible act. For example, when Jovan Belcher murdered his girlfriend and then turned the gun on himself, we are left with a media impression focusing on Belcher, not the clear case of domestic abuse. How many know the name of the young woman? We are going to see the same thing here, as well, that we have seen in Arizona and in Colorado, where we focus on the killer as if he is a side show attraction and thereby, we lose our connection to the victims. But, it begins with the need for a cable news network to always focus on stories that will entice the public. Then, there is twitter and facebook where we can turn to for a faster release of information, and a release of aggression. Our blogs, too, fall into this category. We can use all of these social media footprints to combat evil and to release a flood of endorphines. Or we can be careful and urge action through our various platforms and instead of being led, lead.

We have this need to compete. We also, I firmly believe, have this natural part of ourselves that tell us what is wrong and what is right. This empathy may not be natural or all, or it may be, rather, easily directed in some. The Greek sophists knew this. They could take the empathy of an audience and focus it in a direction they sought. This is a power that must have responsibility, the freedom of speech be damned. What happens, then, with someone who is mentally ill follows their natural impulses to compete? What would the mentally ill see? Someone who has gained international stardom, an international focus, and almost fame. Who many of us, after all, will remember the names of the school children — the names of the murdered in Arizona, Colorado — next week but will easily recall the killer’s name, image, and soon, motive?

Of course, there is another caveat to anthropological mimesis, the atonement. We have seen in recent years the rise in these types of shootings. Increasing, it is not one to one violence, but one to double digits. These is the marked increased in societiel violence that will, if Girard is correct, reach a breaking point in need of an atonement.

Before I scare myself, I will turn the floor over to you.

Here are the points, summarized. First, the media floods the airwaves with messages it wants others to see. Yes, it reports the news, but it does so in a sensational atmosphere. Yes, it is our responsibility to control what we watch, but we must also understand that there is a reason why trends develop patterned on tv shows and why advertisers pay the amount of money they do to air on television. We must be careful not to focus our attention on either the killer or how this shooting spree fits into a rankings chart — unless we carefully ask ourselves why in the world do we have such a chart in the first place. Finally, competition will reach a breaking point. It always has, always does, always will.

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Lebanon and Mimesis

Mimesis – literary tools and anthropological madness. Anyway, I’m going to post mimesis-related posts from time to time. Some for me, some for you.

The latest events occurring in Lebanon following the explosion at Achrafieh, violent demonstrations in Beirut, clashes in the city of Tripoli and hatred between supporters of 8th and 14th of March political movements, reminded me of the theory of Rene Girard on mimesis, violence and scapegoats.

via Dr. Pamela Chrabieh: Lebanon: Mimesis, Scapegoats and Violence.

I think that cooperation is in of itself its own form of rivalry. Perhaps one is competing against an ancestral feud. I wonder if we could turn this stuff around – use mimesis to enact people by refocusing mimetic rivalry.