7 And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. And the chief of the spirits, Mastema, came and said: ‘Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men.’ (JUB 10:7 OTP)
The Lord commanded the archangel Michael to cast them into the abyss, until the day of judgment. But the devil requested to take the portion from them, for tempting of humans. And the tenth (part) of them was given to him, according to the divine command, so that the humans might test the value of the choice of each person toward God. But the remaining nine parts were cast into the abyss. (JUB 10:7-9 OPE)
Gombis is making the point, as is current in scholarship today, that the Jews of the Paul’s time fully recognized that others lords and gods may exist, but maintained that the Most High God is the Creator of them all. This gods were assigned nations and the like to rule over. Some of these gods are fallen angels which war against God and Israel – which is God’s own portion. But, he was creating the history of it and brought out this tid-bit from the Book of Jubilees in which Satan, after the rebellion, asked for help in ruling the world because while he had a mission to ‘test the value of the choice of each person toward God’ humanity was just too wicked to listen to even Satan.
By the way, Gombis’ book – excellent thus far.