KJVO – Pt 2, Deuterocanonical Quotes in the New Testament

Pt 1

As I mentioned last time, one of the objections to the printing of the Deuterocanon in the KJV is:

No apocryphal book is referred to in the New Testament whereas the Old Testament is referred to hundreds of times.

The Deuterocanon is a collection of eleven books that are sometimes mistakenly referred to as the Apocrypha. “Deutero” means “second” and so the deuterocanonical books refer to a second canon, the first canon being the Old and New Testaments. The deuterocanonical books include: Tobit, Judith, Esther 10:4-16:24, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), Baruch (Letter to Jeremiah), Song of the Three Children, History of Suzanna, Bel and the Dragon, and 1-2 Maccabees. These books are considered to be inspired by the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches. Note, it was not until Luther that the canoncity of these books were called into question. Of course, Martin Luther called into question, and tried to prevent the inclusion of Esther,  Hebrews, James, Jude, and Revelation as well. To him, these books were antilegomena, although it is reported that he changed his views somewhat later in life.

Of course, the easy answer to the above mentioned charge is that neither Ruth, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Ecclesiastes, nor the Song of Solomon is quoted by the New Testament. Others would add Lamentations, the Chronicles, as well as perhaps Judges and Joshua to that list.

The statement bu KJV-Only advocates is misleading in of itself. Only in Hebrews (8.13) do we find a mention of the Old Testament/Covenant, but that is in reference to the actually Covenant of between God and Israel, not to the collection of books that came to be called the Old Testament. It was actually Tertullian who first developed the idea that the two sections of books are testaments (vetus testamentum (“old testament”) and novum testamentum (“new testament”)). Tertullian, however, never separated the Deuterocanon out of the Old Testament, as he regularly quoted from them.

It would be unwise for me to post a complete list of Deuterocanonical quotes by the New Testament writers, however, here is a good place to start. Regular readers to this blog will note, either with joy or the fires of heresy hunters, that I most often use Wisdom as a weapon and have even posted on 1st Maccabees. For the record, I have also found great solace in Sirach, although I have not had much time to study this ancient book. (Although in the depths of prison, John Bunyan of Pilgrim’s Progress fame, received a moment of inspiration, and after years of searching, found the passage in Sirach 2.10 – Look at the generations of old, and see; did ever any trust in the Lord, and was confounded? or did any abide in his fear, and was forsaken? or whom did he ever despise, that called upon him?)

Before we go one, I should state that my favorite bible is the Cambridge, Calf-skin leather KJV, black letter and with the Protestant Apocrypha. What is of special interest to me is that the original cross references include links to the Apocrypha and that the Apocrypha includes links to the Old and New Testaments. If the KJV translators, these supposedly inspired men (Trinitarians the lot of them) thought that the Apocrypha was of no or little help to the Christian, then why was so much, or any really, time devoted to translating it and creating a system of cross references to it and from it?

In the following list, I have not even begun to scratch the surface of the quotes and allusions found in the New Testament relating to the Deuterocanon. I have used the King James Version for both the Deuterocanon and the New Testament. What we can take from this is that it was not the early Church Fathers that used the Deuterocanon, but the New Testament writers. In future posts, I will attempt to explore the use of Wisdom in Luke-Acts as well as in the Christology of John. In my commentary on Wisdom, I will further show that this book alone was a silent tool wielded by Paul in his composition and thought.

I have not done justice to these books, this I know, but I hope that I have excited some interest in realizing that the Deuterocanon should be studied by serious students of the New Testament.

Put your neck under the yoke, and let your soul receive instruction: she is hard at hand to find. Behold with your eyes, how that I have but little labour, and have gotten unto me much rest.

(Sir 51:26-27 KJVA)

It should be noted that Sirach is praying to God and ‘wrestling’ with Wisdom.

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

(Mat 11:28-30 KJVA)

And when I saw abundance of meat, I said to my son, Go and bring what poor man soever thou shalt find out of our brethren, who is mindful of the Lord; and, lo, I tarry for thee.

(Tob 2:2 KJVA)

But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:

(Luk 14:13 KJVA)

Be of good comfort, my daughter; the Lord of heaven and earth give thee joy for this thy sorrow: be of good comfort, my daughter.

(Tob 7:18 KJVA)

At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.

(Mat 11:25 KJVA) See also Luke 10.21; Acts 17.24

Note that the title applied to God here does not appear in the Hebrew Canon

I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One.

(Tob 12:15 KJVA)

For Jerusalem shall be built up with sapphires and emeralds, and precious stone: thy walls and towers and battlements with pure gold. And the streets of Jerusalem shall be paved with beryl and carbuncle and stones of Ophir. And all her streets shall say, Alleluia; and they shall praise him, saying, Blessed be God, which hath extolled it for ever.

(Tob 13:16-18 KJVA)

And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.

(Rev 8:2 KJVA)

And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

(Rev 21:19 KJVA)

And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:

(Rev 19:1 KJVA)

Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,

(1Ma 12:9 KJVA)

For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

(Rom 15:4 KJVA)

For she is the breath of the power of God, and a pure influence flowing from the glory of the Almighty: therefore can no defiled thing fall into her. For she is the brightness of the everlasting light, the unspotted mirror of the power of God, and the image of his goodness.

(Wis 7:25-26 KJVA)

Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

(Heb 1:3 KJVA)

O God of my fathers, and Lord of mercy, who hast made all things with thy word,

(Wis 9:1 KJVA)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

(Joh 1:1-3 KJVA)

For further reading, click here and here. It should be noted that these are Catholic sites, as the only ones that defend the Deuterocanon are generally Catholic or Orthodox apologists. Don’t take issue with that, as Catholics and Orthodox also defend the diety of Christ, the Virgin Birth, Hebrews, James, John, and the Apostle Paul. So, take into account that for 400 years the Deuterocanon has been generally cast aside by Protestants; however the Church of Jesus Christ does not claim to be Protestant or dependent upon their doctrines or devices.

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0 Replies to “KJVO – Pt 2, Deuterocanonical Quotes in the New Testament”

  1. As to the Wisdom of Solomon, what do we make of the authors idea of particularism verses universalism? God is no tribal God that is certain, but He does remain sovereign. The conditions for one to come into God’s “wisdom” (grace,mercy) are always real and personal!

    Fr.R.

  2. Fr. Robert, if I may, but I understand particularism to be both that Christ is the sole source of salvation and that it involves predestination, where as universalism is a free will stance.

    If this is correct, then I as an Arminian have no problem with Particularism, as I see predestination as compatible with Scripture; however, particularism is corporate. It was Israel that was the Elect, the Chosen, and no one else. Thus, although a Jew was a part of Israel by birth, God still made a way for sojourners and proselytes who sought to worship the One True God.

    Now, under Christ and Christ alone, it is the Church that is the particular Salvation, however, this salvation is universal in its reach. Only the Church will be saved, and only those individuals within the corporate structure of the Church will thus be saved, and only through Christ.

  3. Joel,
    Within limits, your statement is almost Barthian, and so somewhat Neo-Calvinist. I speak positively. And we must remind ourselves that at least historically Arminianism, and thus Jacob Arminius (the Remonstrants), were within the history of the Calvinist-Arminian debate. Some call themselves “Reformed Arminians.” Thus the divide is not that large, least with those that come within this orbit.

    Also the wisdom books help here also. The spirit of Wisdom itself is “philanthropon,” or benevolence-kindness toward all humanity. (Wis.1:6; 7:23/ Titus 3:4)

    Fr.R.

  4. “For Jehovah giveth wisdom;
    Out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding:
    He layeth up sound wisdom for the upright;
    He is a shield to them that walk in integrity;
    That he may guard the paths of justice,
    And preserve the way of his saints….For wisdom shall enter into thy heart,
    And knowledge shall be pleasant unto thy soul.” (Prov.2:6-10 ASV, 1901)

    The later Wisdom Books add on to this, and make it more personal. For Yahweh is wisdom itself, from itself to those that have by grace become partakers of wisdom.
    “But wisdom is justified of her children.” ( Jesus, St. Matt.11:19)

    Fr.R.

  5. Also the cross is the climactic moment in St. Paul’s “redefinition of election” (NT Wright). It is for St. Paul, the ultimate point and place where the problem of evil, as the Jews saw it, is brought head on by the one God! See, (Rom.4:4-5) Christ is both our “imputation” and justification, in His death and resurrection. For Paul both these are real and vital union! (See also, Phil.3:9-10-11)

    Fr.R.

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