Christianity has recognized only one Messiah, but perhaps that is about to change. We have been led astray with out understanding, and by following Christ, the Apostles and the Church. Now, however, G-d has moved into the evangelicals and others, with the spirit of Messianic Judaism and Hebraic Roots. It by these two things which we will soon come to understand that their was not one Messiah but two and although Jesus of Nazareth was the first one and only for the Gentiles, the second Messiah will come and restore the Jews and perhaps will be the Messiah as mentioned by Muhammad. We have been lead by John Hagee who has said,
“The Jewish people have a relationship to God through the law of God as given through Moses,” Hagee said. “I believe that every Gentile person can only come to God through the cross of Christ. I believe that every Jewish person who lives in the light of the Torah, which is the word of God, has a relationship with God and will come to redemption.”… “The law of Moses is sufficient enough to bring a person into the knowledge of God until God gives him a greater revelation. And God has not,” said Hagee . . .” (Julia Duin, “San Antonio Fundamentalist Battles Anti-Semitism,” The Houston Chronicle, 30 April 1988)
“I’m not trying to convert the Jewish people to the Christian faith.” “In fact, trying to convert Jews is a ‘waste of time,’ he said. ‘The Jewish person who has his roots in Judaism is not going to convert to Christianity. There is no form of Christian evangelism that has failed so miserably as evangelizing the Jewish people. They (already) have a faith structure.’ Everyone else, whether Buddhist or Baha’i, needs to believe in Jesus, he says. But not Jews. Jews already have a covenant with God that has never been replaced by Christianity.” (“San Antonio fundamentalist battles anti-Semitism,” Houston Chronicle, April 30, 1988, sec. 6, p. 1.)
Jesus Christ did not come “to be Messiah to the Jews,” … “If God intended for Jesus to be the Messiah of Israel, why didn’t he authorize Jesus to use supernatural signs to prove he was God’s Messiah, just as Moses had done? The Jews, knowing of Moses’s signs to Israel, asked for a supernatural sign that Jesus was indeed their Messiah. Jesus answered: No sign will be given…except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. — Matthew 12:39-40. Jesus refused to give a sign. He only compared himself with the prophet Jonah, who carried the message of repentance from God to the Gentiles in Nineveh” (In a section of Hagee’s book, In Defense of Israel labeled “The Jews did not Reject Jesus as Messiah”)
Since our eyes have been opened, we have come to understand some important biblical passages in a new light. We first turn to Genesis,
“Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk. (Genesis 49:8-12 NKJV)
The blessing that was given to Judah in Gen.49:8-12, concerned the Messiah who was born in the land of Judah, see Mic.5:2. From the tribe of Judah the Messiah, our Jesus of Nazareth of 2,000 years ago was born, fulfilling the blessing which was given to Judah (son of Jacob) in Gen.49:8-12. The Christ of 2,000 years ago was the Lion of the tribe of Judah, see Rev.5:5. Abraham was given a blessing, that from his seed shall be born an inheritor (Messiah), see Gen.13:14-17. After Isaac (Abraham’s son) was born, Isaac brought forth his seed, being Jacob (Isaac’s son) who received the blessing that an inheritor of the Promised Land would be born from his seed, see Gen.28:13.
The twelve sons of Jacob each received a blessing from their father. The blessing given was determined by each son’s individual character. Judah, the son of Jacob received the blessing which concerned the Messiah (lawgiver of Gen.49:10) who was born from Judah’s seed (lineage). The Christ of 2,000 years ago was the last lawgiver until Shiloh (Man-child of Rev.12:5) would be manifested in the latter days.
The blessing that was given to Judah in Gen.49:8-12, revealed the Christ of 2,000 years ago, who was the final sacrifice and fulfillment for the sins that were committed during the old (first) covenant period, see Ps.60:7 ref. to Judah (tribe) being the lawgiver. The crown (sceptre) shall not depart from Judah, neither a lawgiver from his seed (between his feet), until the Man-child (Shiloh) of Rev.12:5 was born, see Gen.49:10.
The ministry of Christ 2,000 years ago was the law (standard) until the latter day Man-child (Shiloh) came and revealed the Seven Seals Scroll. The people must now follow the laws of the Seven Seals Scroll, just as Judah and his brethren (sons of Jacob) submitted their will unto Joseph (type of Shiloh) who became ruler in Egypt.
“Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a well; His branches run over the wall. The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him. But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), By the God of your father who will help you, And by the Almighty who will bless you With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of your father Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers. (Genesis 49:22-26 NKJV)
The blessing that was given to Joseph in Gen.49:22-26, concerned the latter day Messiah. The Man-child of Rev.12:5 was the one whom the blessing that was given to Joseph referred to. In Gen.49:24 it states: from thence (God of Jacob) is the stone of Israel. The stone (Man-child) of Israel that was mentioned in Gen.49:24, represents the white gem stone of Rev.2:17. The white diamond gem stone of Rev.2:17 has a New Name within it, which is the New Name of the latter day Lamb, as also stated in Rev.19:12.
The people who receive and eat the Hidden Manna (two sided scroll of Rev.10:8-10) will understand the New Name of the latter day Lamb. The latter day Lamb’s first name is David (Beloved), see Hos.3:5. The surname of the latter day Lamb (Shiloh) is the name of Koresh, see Is.44:28; 45:1,4. The meaning of the Man-child’s surname is Death, being the Rider upon the pale horse in Rev.6:8 whose name is Death. The Angel of the bottomless pit in Rev.9:1,11, also has a name that means Death (Abaddon), being the Destroying (Abaddon) Angel of Ex.12:23.
The latter day Lamb (Shiloh; Man-child) WAS to rule all nations as stated in Rev.12:5; however he only wounded one (Great Christian Nation) of the Beast’s seven heads on April 19th 1993, see Rev.13:3. The people (Great Multitude of Rev.7:9) who are to be gathered unto Shiloh (latter day Lamb) will be gathered at the setting up of God’s Kingdom (Sixth Seal), see Gen.49:10.
The latter day Lamb (Man-child; Shiloh) fulfilled the blessing that was given to Joseph, and at the Sixth Seal shall gather the Great Multitude unto him (Shiloh). Joseph himself was a type of the latter day Lamb. Joseph died while he was in Egypt just as the Man-child (Shiloh) died in spiritual Egypt according to the prophetic word of prophecy, see Rev.11:8. The stone of Israel in the past was typified by Joseph who became ruler in Egypt.
In the latter days (our day), the stone of Christendom (spiritual Israel) represents the Man-child (Shiloh) who is symbolized by the stone of Dan.2:34,45; Zec.3:9. Moses smote the rock (stone) twice, this revealed that two Messiahs were to be sacrificed.
The Christ of 2,000 years ago was sacrificed for the sins that were committed under the first (old) covenant, fulfilling the blessing which was given to Judah. The latter day Lamb (Man-child; Shiloh) was sacrificed for the sins committed under the second (new) covenant, fulfilling the blessing that was given to Joseph. See also Heb.9:15-18.
It is plain that there will be a second Messiah that will arise to bring Judaism and Christianity together, perhaps with the seed of Ishmael as well.
It may be though, that as of yet, the Jews are blind to this understanding, knowing only of two Messiahs yet to come,
Rabbi Federow says,
In the Talmud there are indeed two messiahs. One is known as Moshiach ben David from the tribe of Judah, the other is Moshiach ben Joseph a forerunner to the king Messiah. Very few Christians know anything about this, because all they can do is read the English Christian Bible translation of Zechariah. Joseph had two sons, Menashe and Ephayim. Ephrayim is believed the one who is meant to be the messiah, HaMoshiach. Christians, without proper guidance from the Talmud, would read this as prophesying Joseph’s son as Jesus.
While the “anointed” (moshiach) one, the son of Joseph is an important personality, do not be confused, he is not HaMoshiach―The Messiah. At the end of days ben Joseph will lead the Jewish people into battle against those who attack Jerusalem. Although the Jewish people will be victorious, this extraordinary leader will be killed in battle prior to the coming of the Moshiach ben David. This cannot be referring to Jesus because Joseph was never a warrior, nor was he killed in battle. Read the context. None of this had anything to do with Jesus who did not lead the Jewish people to a victorious war.
So, who is this Messiah the Son of Joseph? Rabbinic texts say there will be a period of about seven years of terrible famines and other troubles. The land of Israel will at that time be under non-Jewish control, and a leader of the tribe of Ephraim (the Zohar Chadash says specifically a descendant of Jereboam the son of Navat), will arise to lead militarily against those nations who control Jerusalem. He will be successful, but after initial victory he will die IN BATTLE. This will cause a great mourning and many will lose faith. At that time (still within the seven years) the Messiah the son of David will be revealed; he shall finish the battle. After which, he will resurrect all the dead, starting with the Mashiach Ben Yosef (Joseph).
Both of them will go up to Mount Zion to fulfill the prophecy in Obadiah verse 21: “And the saviorS (plural – both Messiahs) shall go up onto Mount Zion and judge Mount Esau, and the kingdom will be for the Eternal.” From this, one can clearly that the time when the Messiah, the son of Joseph, comes ends with a period of peace. There is the fulfillment of ALL the major prophesies like an end to war and a world at peace with the Jewish people in a restored Jerusalem with the Third Temple.
(The above could easily be preached by the John Hagees of the world (and as we have seen, nearly is), or any preacher seeking to establish a path for the Jews beyond the Church.The first few paragraphs are sarcastic fiction. Beginning with the first passage quoted from Genesis until the mention of the Rabbi’s words, I pulled it from a ‘Christian’ website, as a commentary on the passages from Genesis, a few years ago but cannot find the web address for it – it was was hosted on the scholarly site, Tripod. I googled sections of the passages but to no avail. The words attributed to John Hagee are real.)
On a more serious note, we find the idea of Two Messiahs at Qum’ran (Dead Sea Scrolls) as a historical reality in late Second Temple Judaism (or perhaps a subset of it),
Several texts are considered to be written by members of the sect: the Damascus document for example, and the Messianic rule. In these texts, we may expect to find the sect’s own messianology. The distinguishing characteristic is that the Qumranites expected the coming of not one, but two Messiahs. This must have been an attempt to make sense of such contradictory messianic images as we have encountered up till now.
The root of this idea may be the lines of Zechariah that we already studied above:
‘Here is the man whose name is the Branch, and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the Lord. It is he who will build the temple of the Lord, and he will be clothed with majesty and will sit and rule on his throne. And he will be a priest on his throne. And there will be harmony between the two.’
This refers to prince Zerubbabel and the high-priest Joshua, but it is certain that it was understood in a messianic sense in the early Hasmonaean period. For example, the author of the Testaments of the twelve patriarchs expected a priestly and a kingly ruler:
My children, be obedient to Levi and to Judah. Do not exalt yourselves about these two tribes because from them will arise the Savior from God. For the Lord will raise up from Levi someone as a high-priest and from Judah someone as king. He will save all the gentiles and the tribe of Israel.
To me , God has given the kingship, and to him , the priesthood. And He has subjected the kingship to the priesthood. To me He gave earthly matters and to Levi heavenly matters. As heaven is superior to the earth, so is God’s priesthood superior to the kingdom on earth.
The word ‘Messiah’ is not used, however. This step was taken by the sect at Qumran. Its members were looking forward to a ‘Messiah of Israel’ and a ‘Messiah of David’, who resemble the kingly and priestly descendants of Judah and Levi in the Testaments of the twelve patriarchs.
Further evidence from the Dead Seas Scrolls includes,
And the star is the seeker of the law, who came to Damascus; as it is written A star has journeyed out of Jacob and a scepter is risen out of Israel. The scepter is the Prince of the whole congregation, and at his coming he will break down all the sons of Seth.
during the time of ungodliness until the appearance of the Messiahs of Aaron and Israel
This is the exact statement of the ordinances in which they walk until the Messiah of Aaron and Israel appears and expiates their iniquity.
Those who heed Him are the poor of the flock; they will be saved at the time of visitation. But others will be delivered up to the sword at the coming of the Messiah of Aaron and Israel.
(Similar ideas can be found in 19.33-20.1)
The most interesting text, however, can be found in the Messianic rule (also called Rule of the congregation). It describes the table arrangement during a sacred, messianic meal. The interesting point is the hierarchy between the two Messiahs (From site mentioned above).
This is the sitting of the men of renown called to the assembly for the council of the community when God will have begotten the Messiah among them. The Priest shall enter at the head of all the congregation of Israel, then are all the chiefs of the sons of Aaron, the priests, called to the assembly, men of renown. And they shall sit before him, each according to his rank.
Afterwards, the Messiah of Israel shall enter. The chiefs of the tribes of Israel shall sit before him, each according to his rank, according to their position in the camps and during their marches; then all the heads of family of the congregation, together with the wise men of the congregation, shall sit before them, each according to his rank.
And when they gather for the community table, or to drink wine, and arrange the community table and mix the wine to drink, let no man stretch out his hand over the first-fruits of bread and wine before the Priest. For it is he who shall bless the first-fruits of bread and wine, and shall first stretch out his hand over the bread. And afterwards, the Messiah of Israel shall stretch out his hands over the bread. And afterwards, all the congregation of the community shall bless, each according to his rank.
J. Julius Scott, Jr., in an article published in JETS 25/3 (September 1982) 323-331 argued that,
An examination of the differences between the canonical and other James accounts indicates at least two tendencies. First, most non-canonical sources stress the presence of Judaistic features in extreme forms in James’ life and activity. Second, a number of the non-canonical sources describe James in language or in roles usually reserved for the priesthood, the Messiah, or those associated with them.
He would go on to connect the idea that some in the early (Jewish) Church might have looked upon James as the second, or Levitical, Messiah.
The 19th century Rabbi Malbim wrote about the Two Messiah Theories but did not apply it to Christianity, except to refer constantly to Judah,
Our Sacred Sages had a tradition that in the beginning there would arise a Messiah from the house of Joseph who will reign over the Ten Tribes. He will wage wars and all of Israel will be gathered together under his banner. until later on, a descendant of David will appear and he will reign over them….
A transformation will take place. The Ten Tribes and the stick of Joseph will draw themselves closer unto the stick of Judah, and this too, will be through the agency of a Prophet and by miracles.
The Commentary of “Malbim” on Ezekiel 37:15
Another 19th century Jewish source details more of the Two Messiahs, but agreeing with Malbim as to the order of the Two Messiahs, with Joseph being first and David being second. Rambam, a 12th century Rabbi, wrote,
And these are things which are explicitly stated in the Torah, and they comprise all the things which are said by the prophets. Even in the section “Balaam” it is said and there he prophesied about the two Messiahs: about the first Messiah who was David who saved Israel from the from the hands of its enemies, and about the last Messiah, who will arise from among David’s children and who will save Israel at the End. And there he says:
I see him but not now ((Num. 24:17), this refers to David; I behold him but not nigh (ibid.) this refers to King Messiah; A star shall step forth out of Jacob (ibid.) this refers to King David; A star shall step forth out of Jacob (ibid.), this refers to David; and a scepter shall rise out of Israel (ibid.) this refers to King Messiah…
It is possible that the ideas of Two Messiahs was prevalent in the Gospels, though answered to the audience of then, not now. In Mark, we find Christ directly addressing the crowd concerning the idea of a human ‘son of David’.
Then Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, “How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David? For David himself said by the Holy Spirit: “The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”‘ Therefore David himself calls Him “Lord’; how is He then his Son?” And the common people heard Him gladly. (Mark 12:35-37 NKJV)
Christ is several times called ‘son of David’ by the common people, but it is too the Pharisees which He addresses His rebuke. Although He never denies that He is indeed of the David lineage, He refuses the title by religious scholars as it seemed to imply a human son and perhaps alluded to the idea of the Two Messiahs.
While this theory has not yet caught on in the wider evangelical Christianity, it has seen a small hold on fringe sects – sects usually accompanied by Messianic leanings.
Eugene ‘Buddy’ Johnson, an ‘apostle’ with the Church of Yahshua the Christ (Here also seems to be one who represents them) in North Carolina began as early as the mid 90’s teaching that there are two Messiahs – one of Joseph and one of David. The idea that Messianic Judaism in some of the extreme forms could yield to such a theology is not unthinkable, or that such an extreme theology could be held by moderate minds. It would essentially unite some elements of Christianity and Judaism, allowing them to keep certain respective beliefs.
Two questions are asked,
- Was Messianic Expectation in Second Temple Judaism looking towards two Messiahs as a way to meld the peaceful Messiah and the warlike Messiah? It is quite possible that this idea had seeped into ‘traditional’ Judiasm from Qum’ran and that the various titles associated with Christ in the Gospels are from these fringe groups.
- Can we except to see the idea of Two Messiahs re-emerge among those who are interested in united Judiasm and Christianity? It would allow Christianity to keep Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah, son of David while allowing Judaism to look forward to a restoration of the Levitical priesthood with Messiah, son of Joseph.