The Epistle of Hebrews has a rather shady past – no one knows who wrote it. It was originally written in Greek, using the Septuagint as the basis for nearly all of the Old Testament quotations. The readers were most likely Alexandrian Jews, or at the very least familiar with the thoughts of the Jewish community there. Some have postulated that it was Apollos, others Barnabas while others, and the thought is still prevalent today, that the Apostle Paul wrote it. While all those may be likely, Apostolic authorship is assured as it has existed within the Church since the very first generation.
Some modern ‘theologians’ believe that the book of Hebrews are only for the Jews, but that is a great mistake, as the same could be said about the books of Timothy and Titus. Just because they are addresses to a specific group of people, or person, does in no way dismiss the fact that they are for the entire Church. Luther, at one time, had sought to regulated it to a New Testament apocrypha, most likely because he could not move beyond the issues of apostasy that is raised by the Epistle.
Granted, the Epistle covers more ground than just the issue of apostasy. In the opening salvo, we have the very notion that the Son emanates from the Father and that the Son is higher than the angels. The writer then moves to the explanation of Old Testament themes by the New Testament. It often takes the form of early homily material, or perhaps even a midrash. The writer states an Old Testament passage and then attempts to explain it under the new covenant.
The situation of the readers is clearly seen – they are on the verge of shrinking back, of retreating to Judaism after having tasted of Christ. (Hebrews 6) This letter serves as a personal warning to them, and indeed to all that come to Christ in Truth, and later reject Him for another religion or perhaps even a false Christianity. I am posting this first chapter; in the next few weeks, I will post the complete book, examining the details of the reality of apostasy in the Church. It is a doctrine that is hated and disbelieved, however, it is still a doctrine. I hope that those that read it will join in the discussion. It will be the main goal of posting this book to discuss the doctrine of apostasy, or the lack thereof. I truly value each measure of input that I receive.
It is my position that the doctrine of eternal security is false, and that apostasy is an ability of the believer by exercising his or her free will to reject Christ.
This is my personal translation, and it is still crude. Please let me know what you think as we progress.
Heb 1:1-14 from the Commentary in Translation Version
(1) God, who in stages and various ways of old spoke unto the fathers in the prophets,
(2) Has in the end of those days spoken to us in his son, whom he has appointed the inheritor of all things, through whom he also made the ages
(3) Who, being the emanation from the glory of God, and the precise mirror of his substance and maintaining all things by his all-powerful utterance—through himself he has achieved purification of our sins, assumed his seat on the right hand of the Majesty on high,
(4) Having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they.
(5) For to which individual angel has he ever said: You are my son, today I have begotten you? And again: I will be to him a father and he will be to me a son?
(6) Again, when he brings in the firstborn into the inhabited earth, he says: and let all the angels of God prostrate themselves in worship before him.
(7) And indeed, to the angels he says: who is making his angels winds and his ministers a flame of fire.
(8) But unto the son he says: Your throne, O God, is age to age and a scepter of justness is the scepter of your kingdom.
(9) You have loved righteousness and hated iniquity; for this reason your God has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your companions.
(10) And you, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands,
(11) They will perish, but you remain always, they will grow old like a garment
(12) Like a mantle, you will roll them up and then will be changed, but—you are the same; your years will not fail.
(13) Unto which of the angels did he ever say: sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies as your footstool?
(14) They are spirits in divine service, sent forth to render service for the sake of the ones about to inherit salvation—are they not?