CTP Bible Study Class – Genesis 4–5

English: Cain and Abel; as in Genesis 4; illus...
English: Cain and Abel; as in Genesis 4; illustration from the Sunrays quarterly (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This week, we will begin to cover Genesis 4–5. This is not a lot because you can skip chapter 5 after Genesis 5.1-2. Indeed, 5.1-2 seems to be real important.

So, what happens in Genesis 4? Well, this is the first sacrifice. The first jealousy. The first anger. The first murder. The third baby boy.

As you can imagine, there exists several millennia of commentary on these chapters. This is a summary of some Jewish commentary. Here is a singler, modern, source. This is from the Book of Jubilees.

This is a set of stories that shows Cain and Abel in different cultural contexts.

This is a modern commentary, not necessarily Jewish or Christian.

One of the things you need to look at is 5.1-2 and how Seth, the third child of Adam and Eve re-creates Creation.

This is the book of the generations of Adam. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man when they were created.

That returns us to Genesis 1.26–27 but adds to this. Now, we have a blessing and a naming.

Why does that happen? Why does the editor/author/redactor feel the need to restate this seminal point at the beginning of Seth’s line?

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3 Replies to “CTP Bible Study Class – Genesis 4–5”

  1. It is quite likely — in an age of oral traditions — repetitions were a way of reinforcing the stories in the ears of the hearers. Then, although perhaps modified, that methodology didn’t necessarily change when oral mythology became written word.

    One can still hear this today — pun intended — when the chorus of songs reiterates core messaging.

  2. “Who Wrote the Bible”…
    “Gen5:1-28, 30-32; 7:6; 9:28-29; 11:10b-26, 32
    These passages are drawn from the “Book of Generation,” which apparently was originally a separate document, containing terminology similar to P. The redactor cut it into segments and then distributed these segments through the book of Genesis. This unified the stories by setting them within a chronological flow of generations.”

    Easy as pie.

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