Dr. Gayle has made another entry into the discussion current among several of us in the biblio-blogosphere, providing us with another compass. (He has also given us his translation on John’s prologue (on his site) using a Socrates’ words found in Plato’s Gorgias as his starting point for logos.) My post is here – and there has been more discussion, including Peter Kirk and a second look at a post from last year by Elshaddai Edwards:
I am convinced that John’s prologue comes directly from the Greek Old Testament, so as a side note (not sure how important this is) I’ll add this:
The question of Scripture presented to Arius which caused the greatest controversy of Christendom revolved around Proverbs 8 (academic speculation, as this has not been proven that it was this passage as in Constantine’s letter, the passage was never mentioned, but Proverbs 8 was always the center point of the Arian controversy) in which Wisdom was seen as created, and by both the (semi-)Arians and the Nicene Party, assigned to Christ.
Alexander, the great bishop of Alexandria, wrote on the Arians that their belief was such:
And the novelties they have invented and put forth contrary to the Scriptures are these following:
Neither is He like in essence to the Father; neither is He the true and natural Word of the Father; neither is He His true created, and is called the Word and Wisdom by an abuse of terms, since He Himself originated by the proper Word of God, and by the Wisdom that is in God, by which God has made not only all other things but Him also.
It is not too far off to believe that even in the 4th century, albeit the early part of that century, Sophia was applied to Christ just as we apply Logos to Him.
When did we loose Wisdom?