African, Coptic, Ethiopian Theology

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For those of you who may be interested, or needing a different viewpoint for your upcoming New Testament Exegesis paper(s), here is one which may help:

African theology, or what some call African Christian theology, is that theology which reflects on the gospel, the Christian tradition, and the total African reality in an African manner and from the perspectives of the African worldview. The total African reality, of course, includes the ongoing changes in the culture. Some prefer to speak of theologies because they see much diversity in African culture and religion; others see a fundamental similarity in the religious experience and in the nature of the emergent issues. Discussion of African theology usually considers the scene in Sub-Saharan Africa, leaving aside the Coptic tradition in Egypt and Ethiopia. Until recently, it was usual to distinguish three currents of this theology: African theology, black theology in South Africa, and liberation theology. African theology was seen as based on culture and as seeking to give African expression to the Christian faith. Black theology, influenced by a similar current in the United States, was viewed as focusing on politics and the issues of race and color. Liberation theology, influenced by the Latin American model, was described as focusing on poverty. In recent times, however, there has been much merging of perspectives owing to the dialogical role of continental interchurch conferences and international symposia. Inculturation and liberation now tend to be tensions within the various camps themselves as theologians increasingly focus on the total reality of today’s Africa. Besides, now that freedom has been gained in South Africa, new metaphors similar to those used in the rest of Africa are emerging, namely, reconciliation and liberation for full living and from the forces of death.

INSECT • African Theology (James C. Okoye, CSSP).

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