My good friend John has made mention of something I found rather interesting. I’ve tried to find the original publication date for his tract, hoping to see if Wesley softened in his stance against Calvinists, but the only thing I can find is a 1798 tract, with the inscription that the tract was printed for the Mark Driscoll of the 18th century, George Whitfield.
In several instances, very publicly, Wesley berated Calvinists.
Q. 74. What is the direct antidote to Methodism, the doctrine of heart holiness?
A. Calvinism: all the devices of Satan, for these fifty years have done far less toward stopping the work of God, than that single doctrine. It strikes at the heart of salvation from sin, previous to glory, putting the matter on quite another issue.
Whatsoever the generality of people may think, it is certain that opinion is not religion: No, not right opinion; assent to one, or to ten thousand truths. There is a wide difference between them: Even right opinion is as distant from religion as the east is from the west. Persons may be quite right in their opinions, and yet have no religion at all; and, on the other hand, persons may be truly religious, who hold many wrong opinions. Can any one possibly doubt of this, while there are Romanists in the world? For who can deny, not only that many of them formerly have been truly religious, as Thomas a Kempis, Gregory Lopez, and the Marquis de Renty; but that many of them, even at this day, are real inward Christians? And yet what a heap of erroneous opinions do they hold, delivered by tradition from their fathers! Nay, who can doubt of it while there are Calvinists in the world, — assertors of absolute predestination? For who will dare to affirm that none of these are truly religious men? Not only many of them in the last century were burning and shining lights, but many of them are now real Christians, loving God and all mankind. And yet what are all the absurd opinions of all the Romanists in the world, compared to that one, that the God of love, the wise, just, merciful Father of the spirits of all flesh, has, from all eternity, fixed an absolute, unchangeable, irresistible, decree, that part of all mankind shall be saved, do what they will; and the rest damned, do what they can! (Sermon 55)
Do you get that? Wesley plainly says Calvinism is worse than error he believed the Church at Rome to hold and that Calvinism itself is greater than all of the other devices of Satan.
Perhaps, if that tract is indeed Wesley, he would not have us disparage one another individually, but it would appear that at least for a good portion of his career, Wesley could not see a union between the two.
I wouldn’t place Calvinism and Wesleyanism too close. One is of God.
- “New Calvinism,” New York Times & John Wesley the Reader (juicyecumenism.com)
- The Pope and the Salvation Army (telegraph.co.uk)
- Wesley on Predestination (artperkinsministries.org)