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  1. A friend

    Genesis 1 begins with a sentence that summarizes the whole story that follows: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth,” in other words, “At the furthest time in the distant past that one can imagine, God created heaven and earth.” So the first sentence has nothing to do with HOW heaven and earth were created, as one can also see by the fact that HOW heaven and earth were created is explained later in the story.

    The Hebrew story proceeds by assuming the presence of “water” and “darkness,” without saying where they came from or how they got there. In a similar fashion the Babylonian creation epic, Enuma Elish assumes the presence of divine primeval waters comingling “before anything had been named/created.”

    So the “earth” in Genesis 1 is yet without form and void, just part of a primeval watery deep, and “earth/dry land” only appears in reality (rather than potential) later in the creation story, after it has been named.

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