Unsettled Christianity

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Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category

November 16th, 2018 by Joel Watts

Review: @AccordanceBible’s “Pseudo-Clementine Homilies (Tagged Greek, English, and Notes)” #SBLAAR18

The study of the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies is, in my opinion, a rather important one in light of current discussions of inerrancy and interpretative strategies. Long before there were buckets to throw Scripture in and long after Marcion, there emerged a sect of Christians struggling with passages in the Old Testament that did not seem to meet their expectations. Include in these homilies are ways Christians dealt with those passages and they sought to remain true to pre-Nicene orthodoxy. And fill in the gaps about some of the Apostles along the way.

I am truly excited about this module. The P-C Homilies reveals a stilling struggling orthodoxy involving the role of the Old Testament. They did not want to unhitch the faith from the Hebrew bible, but they struggled with passages they could not easily align with their view of God via Jesus.

The module is simple… but for those studying early Christian history — for those studying views of Scripture… and indeed, those struggling with their own views and pull to unhitch, having this module is a necessity.

Having it in Accordance makes it easy to read and to ponder in both English and the original Greek.

From Accordance:

This edition of the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies is based on the Greek column of the Migne edition. It includes two epistles to James (one from Peter and one from Clement) that serve as instructions on using the Homilies. The Homilies themselves are a sort of narrative about how Clement (either pope Clement I or a Titus Flavius Clemens) became the apostle Peter’s traveling companion and observed many of his discourses and miracles. They are considered “Pseudo-Clementines” in that while Clement I died in AD 99, these writings are commonly dated in the early 4th century, but before the Council of Nicea (c. 300-320 AD).

This product includes individual modules for 1) Greek text, 2) English translation, and 3) Notes.

 

November 16th, 2018 by Joel Watts

Review: @AccordanceBible’s “Discovering the Septuagint: A Guided Reader” #SBLAAR18

While I love the Septuagint, I have purposely avoided Jobe’s 2016 work in hard copy for several, materialistic, reasons. I did not want a hard copy to have to carry around. Second, I knew soon or later a good electronic copy would come out that would allow me to experience the Reader in all of its glory, including taggings and easy look up. Behold, my patience has paid off.

Any more, I’m using Accordance more and more on my iPad pro due to the portability of it (data space). So these pics are going to be there there.

i feel like this image is self-explanatory.

One of the best aspects of having an electronic version is the ability to quickly get to what you want i and search for what you want. Here, you can see the table of contents.

I haven’t gone through the entire list to see if it is complete. Allusions are my game, you know. But having a list like this ONLY REINFORCES THE IDEA that the New Testament writers used the Greek translations of the Hebrew bible.

 

This is why I like the electronic version, reason #1045… you can pop up the necessary bible verse. As you can see, I have it keyed to the NETS, which is my go-to OT translation. Just like St. Augustine and the entire Eastern part of the Church.

this is the iPad pro page. The tags are helpful so that I don’t have to flip back and forth.

As an added feature, let me show you what this looks like alongside the Göttingen:

Besides the awesome features that bring the book to life, the book is well written, complete with introductions highlighting the features of the Greek versions.

From Accordance:

Interest in the Septuagint today continues to grow stronger. Despite that interest, students have lacked a guidebook to the text similar to the readers and handbooks that exist for the Greek New Testament. Discovering the Septuagint: A Guided Reader fills that need. Created by an expert on the Septuagint, this groundbreaking resource draws on Jobes’s experience as an educator in order to help upper–level college, seminary, and graduate students cultivate skill in reading the Greek Old Testament.

This reader presents, in Septuagint canonical order, ten Greek texts from the Rahlfs—Hanhart Septuaginta critical edition. It explains the syntax, grammar, and vocabulary of more than 700 verses from select Old Testament texts representing a variety of genres, including the Psalms, the Prophets, and more.

The texts selected for this volume were chosen to fit into a typical semester. Each text (1) is an example of distinctive Septuagint syntax or word usage; (2) exemplifies the amplification of certain theological themes or motifs by the Septuagint translators within their Jewish Hellenistic culture; and/or (3) is used significantly by New Testament writers.

 

November 16th, 2018 by Joel Watts

Review: @AccordanceBible’s LXX Göttingen: Big 19 Bundle (34 Books plus Apparatus) #SBLAAR18

First, the good:

It downloads quickly to both the iPad and my Macbook. But, it is intended to do that. Accordance is the smooth software program for Apple, but more than that… it is small and lightweight.

Second, the why:

The Göttingen Septuagint on Accordance includes everything in the print edition — except the huge amount of space one needs to have it. Further, because it is highlighted/tagged and included the apparatus, serious — and the sometimes serious— students of the Church’s first bible can easily find what they need. Because it is on Accordance, you can easily look up the Greek which helps when you are trying to find connections between Sirach and the New Testament or Church Fathers.

Let me show you what it looks like:

The iPad Pro look

 

On the MacBook Pro with the Apparatus

This is an ideal format for studying the LXX. It is tagged and tagged well.

From Accordance:

The Göttingen Septuagint (Vetus Testamentum Graecum: Auctoritate Academiae Scientiarum Gottingensis editum) is a major critical version, comprising multiple volumes published from 1931 to the present and not yet complete. Its critical apparatus presents variant Septuagint readings and variants from other Greek versions. Print value is over $2800.

This product includes the grammatically tagged critical text of the books listed below together with the accompanying apparatus.

  • Genesis (Band 1: Genesis) with apparatus (1974)
  • Exodus (Band 2.1: Exodus) with apparatus (1991)
  • Leviticus (Band 2.2: Leviticus) with apparatus (1986)
  • Numbers (Band 3.1: Numeri) with apparatus (1982)
  • Deuteronomy (Band 3.2: Deruteronomium) with apparatus (1977)
    • The 5 volumes listed above are combined in a single text module (LXXG-PENT) along with its apparatus (LXXG-PENT Apparatus)
  • Ruth (Band 4.3: Ruth) with apparatus (2006)
  • 2 Chronicles (Band 7.2: Paralipomenon liber II) with apparatus (2014)
  • 1 Ezra (Band 8.1: Esdrae liber I) with apparatus (1991)
  • 2 Ezra: Ezra – Nehemiah (Band 8.2: Esdrae liber II) with apparatus (1993)
  • Esther (Band 8.3: Esther) with apparatus (1983)
  • 1 Maccabees (Band 9.1: Maccabaeorum liber I) with apparatus (1990)
  • 2 Maccabees (Band 9.2: Maccabaeorum liber II) with apparatus (1976)
  • Psalms and Odes (Band 10: Psalmi Cum Odis) with apparatus (1979)
  • Job (Band 11.4: Iob) with two (2) apparatus (1982)
  • Sirach (Band 12.2: Sapientia Jesu filii Sirach) with apparatus (1981)
  • 12 Minor Prophets (Band 13: Duodecim Prophetae) with two (2) apparatus (1984)
  • Isaiah (Band 14: Isaias) with two (2) apparatus (1983)
  • Jeremiah, Baruch, Lamentations, and the Epistle of Jeremiah (Band 15: Jeremias, Baruch, Threni, Epistula Jeremiae) with two (2) apparatus (2004)
  • Ezekiel (Band 16.1: Ezechiel) with two (2) apparatus (1978)
June 1st, 2018 by Joel Watts

Review: New Studies in Biblical Theology on @AccordanceBible

Note, Accordance is offering introductory pricing until Monday, 4 June. You can buy them separate, but why do that?

Notably, the Reformed have the best theological series — and I say that as a Wesleyan. The New Studies in Biblical Theology (InterVarsity) continues that trend, which is something I cannot decide as to how I feel. Granted, the series (edited by D.A. Carson), conforms well to the Reformed Tradition of forming the mind in response to God. But it is Reformed. It is going to be rooted in that tradition, but I do not think we can limit our reception of it, simply because Calvinists and others of that tradition have contributed to such a magnificent set of volumes.

Note, “biblical theology” is a specific category. This series focuses on three areas: “the nature and status of biblical theology, including its relationship to other disciplines;” “the articulation and exposition of the structure of thought from a particular biblical writer or text;” “the delineation of a biblical theme across the biblical corpus.” Whether or not you agree with the general principle of “biblical theology” will largely determine your reception of this series.

To highlight this in particular, I want to highlight the volume, “Christ, Our Righteousness: Paul’s Theology of Justification (NSBT Vol. 9).Mark Seifrid, the author, takes on the “New Perspective,” (NPP) offer something of a counter to that view. Seifrid does tackle that view — and honestly, how convincing he is is going to be determined by how you view the NPP. I find his take, overall, something to consider. I usually fall in line with the NPP, so I appreciate his allowance of something good in that line of thinking. For instance, I enjoy his placement of Paul as Jew, but I do not think Paul rejected Judaism even as he was “converted” by seeing the Risen Christ. On the other hand, his work is needed to better help Protestants understand “justification” and “righteousness.”

The second volume is one by Craig Blomberg, someone I started out largely disagreeing with, but have come over the recent years to admire his work on the authority of Scripture. The 2005 Contagious Holiness: Jesus’ Meals with Sinners (NSBT Vol. 19) takes the standard idea of the meal of Jesus as something against the pharisees, giving us something that transforms our understanding of the Incarnation. In this singular work is ground for the Wesleyan view of the Eucharist as a converting ordinance. Further, Blomberg manages to do something I do not see in Seifrid, to make it possible to pose tough academic challenges to longstanding interpretations, and then tell the Church what we should do with this new information. In other words, he uses Athens to help Jerusalem.

In Accordance, these volumes are highlight to scripture passages as well as to the endnotes. This helps research and recall — especially for those of us who get engrossed either in our age or in reading that we cannot remember the exact bible verse the author does.

Anyone concerned with the way Mainline Protestantism has labored to deprive us of sound thinkers should consider this series, especially preachers and those who see themselves as theologians. You do not have to agree with every facet of their interpretation, but these authors know how to think and they are firm believers, even after their academic training — if not the more so because of it.

March 23rd, 2018 by Joel Watts

Review, @AccordanceBible’s Greek New Testament from Tyndale House

You can find the module here. From the description:

The Greek New Testament, Produced at Tyndale House, Cambridge has been created under the oversight of editors Dr. Dirk Jongkind (St. Edmund’s College, University of Cambridge) and Dr. Peter Williams (Tyndale House, Cambridge). Together with their team, they have taken a rigorously philological approach to reevaluating the standard text—reexamining spelling and paragraph decisions as well as allowing more recent discoveries related to scribal habits to inform editorial decisions.

Like most students of the New Testament, I used the NA or UBS Greek New Testament. However, breaking into this one has been a rather enjoyable exercise, especially via Accordance.

A few of the highpoints:

  • The Greek is scientifically reconstructed, even from within the same manuscripts. From the preface, “To do this it uses careful analysis of the scribal habits and typical transmission errors of individual manuscripts to establish which readings are likely to be prior.”
  • There is little added to the Greek, such as capitalizations and punctuation, except as needed. When I read things like this, I keep thinking of St. Paul’s introduction to Romans (and Romans as a whole) and how often punctuation obscures the connection of thought.
  • Of particular, and peculiar, note is their attention to spelling. “For spelling we have particularly relied on manuscripts from the fifth century and earlier, finding that such manuscripts frequently display different arrays of spelling from the later ones. These manuscripts contain much spelling variation that may appear random, but within the variation some patterns are detectable and at times manuscript testimony has led us to accept spellings that have not usually been adopted in printed editions.” (From the Appendix).
  • The goal of the text is not the original autographs (if such a thing exists), but an original canon. “(W)e have not felt it our job as editors to go back behind the witnesses that survive. Rather, in this edition we seek to constrain editorial choice to what is found in Greek manuscripts, not only in these matters, but also in other ones such as paragraph divisions, spelling, breathings, and accents.”

To this later point, I want to issue a congratulations to the editors. In working through the Gospel of Mark, it has become important for me to discover two things: one, what might have been said by the author and secondly, what might have been transmitted to Mark’s audience. I firmly believe Matthew had Mark’s Gospel in hand while writing his work (Luke and John as well). Further, the Church Fathers would have had copies of copies as well. What copies did they possess? This is a canonical discussion, of course, but I think it is very important as we dig into what was said and what was heard (passed down), even to the letters in the words (for instance, John 2.24, see below).

Now, on to the Accordance version. The electronic version somes tagged to the Greek tools included in various packages of the software. Further, it allows notes, highlights, and some really in-depth searching. I’ve included some images below showcasing of the features.

One of the neat things about this module is tagging to a deeper thread on the various manuscripts. Maybe it is just me, but I like to read about the various manuscripts, even if it is merely where they are now. The apparatus section also includes such things as what the manuscript is missing.

Accordance, again, makes a text immediately usable (notably, because it takes all of a few seconds to download, install, and start to search). Further, with Accordance, there is added value due to the instant tagging and searching.

I mean… even the spelling differences!

 

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