Scott’s about to Get all Jubilant!

Dr. Robert R. Cargill speaking about the Dead ...

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Scott, the filthy Canadian, is about to launch a series on the Book of Jubilees, and cautions his readers on two points about the notion of Jewish canon:

  1. Different Jewish Groups Considered Different Sacred Texts Authoritative. Probably one of the most difficult conceptual lenses for modern persons to remove from their understanding of ancient sacred texts is that of ‘canon’. However, not all of the different groups in ancient Judaism read or revered the same texts. Not only that, but…
  2. There are texts NOT in the ‘Canon’ that Were Treated As the Authoritative Words of God by some Groups. In short, there were texts considered sacred and the words of God, that never made it into ‘our’ canon, but nevertheless, were viewed, at the time, as the very words of God. Simply put: Not only do we have different groups in Second Temple Judaism but many of these groups considered different sacred texts as normative, formative, and authoritative. However, ancient caches such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, and writers such as Josephus, demonstrate that some modern conceptions of ‘canon’ are wholly inadequate in understanding authoritative sacred texts from this time period.

via Jubilees and Second Temple Judaism(s) «.

It is difficult for the less-than-historically minded to understand that our Christian canon(s) is ‘new.’ Anyway, it looks to be an interesting series, which is surprising considering that it is coming from a Canadian and Scott Bailey.

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Did PETA write the Book of Jubilees?

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And on that day was closed the mouth of all beasts, and of cattle, and of birds, and of whatever walks, and of whatever moves, so that they could no longer speak: for they had all spoken one with another with one lip and with one tongue. (JUB 3:28 OTP)

Not only did the Angels in Heaven speak Hebrew, but so did Adam…. and the animals. In the Garden, according the Jubilant Author, Merry, the animals spoke to Adam and his Woman in Hebrew. (Since Hebrew was the first tongue, and animals spoke words, then they have to speak Hebrew).

I’m sure glad this happened. There is nothing better than a fine piece of steak – medium rare, of course and I’d had to have it ruined with a little calf standing at my window asking me if its mommy or daddy tasted good.

On the other hand, I’d say veal would become real popular…

Ummmm…. veal…..

Note the connection between the talking animals here and Balaam’s donkey.

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A Jubilant Adam – The Mythical Man in the Book of Jubilees

Jason is going to look at Adam in the Apocrypha (which one?) but I thought that I might give a look at Adam in the Book of Jubilees. This is not in depth and nor is it meant to be. It is just a few snippets of the book which has been used by Christians – and still is in some parts of the world:

There (were) two and twenty heads of mankind from Adam to Jacob, and two and twenty kinds of work were made until the seventh day; this is blessed and holy; and the former also is blessed and holy; and this one serves with that one for sanctification and blessing. (JUB 2:23 OTP)

Interesting… So the genealogy is representative of kings or dynasties. So why not Adam in some what? After all, the Jubilant author is using other traditions to write his work. He may be trying to redact earlier traditions to reflect his theological understanding or the polemical nature of his work. It has been proposed by current Christian thinkers that the genealogy of Genesis should represent dynasties. I don’t see a real reason why not (although there may in fact be good reasons why not).

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OPE  Jubilees 3:9 On the forty-sixth day of the creation of the world, on the fourth day of the seventh week, Pachon fourteenth, May ninth, the sun being in Taurus and the moon in Scorpio, according to diameter, in the rising of Pleiades, God led Adam into Paradise on the fortieth day since his creation. On the eighth day of the making of the world, on the forty-fourth day of the making of Adam, on the Lord’s Day, Pachon eighteenth, May thirteenth, after three days since his entrance into Paradise, the sun being in Taurus and the moon in Capricorn, God commanded Adam to avoid eating from the Tree of Knowledge. On the ninety-third day of creation, on the second day of the fourteenth week, during the summer season, the sun and moon being in Cancer, on the twenty-fifth day of the month of June, Epeiph first, Eve, helper of Adam, was led by God into Paradise, on the eightieth day since her creation.

OTP  Jubilees 3:9 And after Adam had completed forty days in the land where he had been created we brought him into the garden of Eden to till and keep it, but his wife they brought in on the eightieth day,

I’ve included both manuscript traditions here. Note that the author doesn’t force Adam into the sixth day scheme, but, throughout this book, stretches the early accounts over years. There is no command here to be ‘literal’ and in fact, early Christian commentators referenced the Book of Jubilees.

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Jubilees 3:11 And for the birth of a female eighty days. Since also Adam in the fortieth day since his creation had been taken into Paradise, where for the sake of the things produced on the fortieth day they offer to the temple, according to the Law. But for a female she is unclean for eighty days, because of her entrance into Paradise on the eightieth day and on account of the uncleanness of the female in contrast to the male. (JUB 3:11 OPE)

Just some interesting views….

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Men are so evil, even Satan needed help

7 And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. And the chief of the spirits, Mastema, came and said: ‘Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men.’ (JUB 10:7 OTP)

The Lord commanded the archangel Michael to cast them into the abyss, until the day of judgment. But the devil requested to take the portion from them, for tempting of humans. And the tenth (part) of them was given to him, according to the divine command, so that the humans might test the value of the choice of each person toward God. But the remaining nine parts were cast into the abyss. (JUB 10:7-9 OPE)

Gombis is making the point, as is current in scholarship today, that the Jews of the Paul’s time fully recognized that others lords and gods may exist, but maintained that the Most High God is the Creator of them all. This gods were assigned nations and the like to rule over. Some of these gods are fallen angels which war against God and Israel – which is God’s own portion. But, he was creating the history of it and brought out this tid-bit from the Book of Jubilees in which Satan, after the rebellion, asked for help in ruling the world because while he had a mission to ‘test the value of the choice of each person toward God’ humanity was just too wicked to listen to even Satan.

By the way, Gombis’ book – excellent thus far.